West Virginia Judiciary

Adult Drug Courts

 

What is a Drug Court?

A drug court is a specially designed court program. The purpose is to achieve a reduction in recidivism and substance abuse among offenders and to increase the likelihood of successful rehabilitation through early, continuous, and intense treatment; mandatory periodic drug testing; community supervision; appropriate sanctions and incentives; and other rehabilitation services, all of which is supervised by a judicial officer.

Rigorous evaluation and research has demonstrated that where drug courts are implemented consistent with models and procedures developed based on objective studies, they significantly reduce recidivism and substance abuse among high-risk substance abusing offenders. Drug courts that are properly implemented also increase the likelihood of successful rehabilitation while simultaneously reducing the cost to the public below the historic costs of addressing these problems in the criminal justice system.

Pursuant to W.Va. Code §62-15-2(5), a drug court is defined as a judicial intervention process that incorporates the Ten Key Components of drug courts. It may include pre-adjudication or post-adjudication participation. The Ten Key Components used by drug courts are:

Facts:

PDF map of West Virginia's Adult Drug Courts

For more details on these facts, visit www.nadcp.org/learn/drug-courts-work

Resources:

http://www.help4wv.com/

https://www.drugrehab.com/

Understanding Addiction: How Addiction Hijacks the Brain

http://www.helpguide.org/harvard/how-addiction-hijacks-the-brain.htm

Addictive Behaviors: Beyond Drugs and Alcohol

http://www.indiana.edu/~engs/rbook/readabd.htm

Effects of Illegal Drugs on the Heart

https://www.acls.net/effects-of-drugs.htm